Terahertz Radar for Stand-Off Through-Clothes Imaging
Keynote Speaker: Dr. Goutam Chattopadhyay
Security experts around the world have long been demanding an imaging system for detection of weapons or contraband from a safe stand-off
distance concealed on persons. There has been some demonstration of active and passive millimeter- and submillimeter-wave imagers in recent years.
However, passive imagers at terahertz frequencies do not provide enough contrast as they rely on the difference between the emitted radiation
and the background "sky" temperature. Unfortunately, due to high atmospheric absorption at these frequencies, the background sky is very warm,
providing very little contrast. On the other hand, active terahertz imagers have to deal with glint and require the imaging objects to be
precisely placed at certain angles. We, at JPL, developed a radar based imaging system at terahertz frequencies which overcomes all these
challenges and is capable of near video-rate imaging. In effect, the terahertz radar imager does an electronic strip-down revealing
person-borne illicit materials and weapons from a safe stand-off distance. In this talk, a overview of the state of terahertz imagers will
be provided, specifically focusing on radar imagers.
Goutam Chattopadhyay is a Senior Member of the Engineering Staff at the NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
California Institute of Technology, and a Visiting Professor at the Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy
at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA. He received the B.E. degree in electronics and telecommunication
engineering from the Bengal Engineering College, Calcutta University, Calcutta, India, in 1987, the M.S. degree in
electrical engineering from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, in 1994, and the Ph.D. degree in electrical
engineering from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, in 1999. From 1987 until 1992, he was a
Design Engineer with the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Pune, India.
His research interests include microwave, millimeter-, and submillimeter- wave heterodyne and direct detector receivers,
frequency sources and mixers in the terahertz region, antennas, SIS mixer technology, direct detector bolometer instruments,
and high frequency radars. He has more than 150 publications in international journals and conferences and holds several patents.
Among various awards and honors, he was the recipient of the Best Undergraduate Gold Medal from the University of Calcutta in 1987,
the Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship Award from the Government of India in 1992, and the IEEE MTT-S Graduate Fellowship Award in 1997.
He also received more than 25 NASA technical achievement and new technology invention awards. He is a Fellow of IEEE.
Falling Detection and Motion Reconstruction of Elderly People: Sensors Based Approach
Keynote Speaker: Distinguished Professor Yueh-Min Huang
At present, there are many studies of falling accident detection, while most employed image detection or used single
acceleration sensors for identification. Recognition by image detection has very high operational complexities,
and infringe on privacy. Single acceleration sensors have very high accuracy in falling detection, however, the accuracy
of judging body posture requires highly complex operations, and thus, cannot provide real-time notice for accidental falling
detection. This study explored the collaborative detection of body behavior modes and accidental falling incidents by using
multiple tri-axis acceleration sensors. Information is provided by sensors distributed over the body that transmit positions,
by radio transmission devices to a computer, in order to analyze and recognize current body behavior status, which create a
warning when a falling accident happens. After a falling accident occurs, more information of the sudden incident, such as
body posture and impact of crucial position, can be provided to medical personnel for more accurate diagnosis.
Yueh-Min Huang is a Distinguished Professor of the Department of Engineering Science,
National Cheng-Kung University, Taiwan and the Dean of Health and Information College at
Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science. He was also chairing the department from 2006.
His research interests include wireless networks, e-Learning, embedded systems, and artificial intelligence.
He received his MS and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Arizona in 1988 and 1991
respectively. He has co-edited 2 books published by Springer Verlag and has published over 160 refereed
journal papers. Dr. Huang has received many research awards, such as the Best Paper Award of HumanCom 2010,
ICS2009, TANET2009 and 2007 IEA/AIE Conferences, Best Paper Award of the Computer Society of the Republic
of China in 2003, 2010 outstanding research award of National Science Council ofTaiwan, Excellent Research
Awards of National Microcomputer and Communication Contests in 2006 and 2009. Dr. Huang has been invited
to give talks or served frequently in the program committee at national and international conferences.
Dr. Huang is in the editorial board of over 10 SSCI- and SCI-indexed journals.
He was the technical program chair of ACM MDLT2009, Symposium on Digital Life Technologies (SDLT2007)
and general chair in 2008. He was the general chair of VIP2007, IEEE EPSA2008, PCM2008 and ICST2008
and ICS2010. Dr. Huang is a Fellow of British Computer Society (FBCS) and senior member of the IEEE
as well as IEEE Circuits and Systems, Communication, Computer, and Computational Intelligence societies.
Currently, he is also serving as the chair of IEEE CIS Tainan Chapter and the secretary of IEEE Tainan Section.
Lossy mode resonances - based fiber optic sensors
Keynote Speaker: Professor Ignacio R. Matías
During the last decades, much research has been done in the field of semiconductor and metal clad optical waveguides.
In both cases, the clad introduces losses to the propagation of light in the optical waveguide. Depending on the properties
of the cladding or the thin-film, three main cases can be distinguished. The first case, occurs when the real part of the
thin-film permittivity is negative and higher in magnitude than both its own imaginary part and the permittivity of the material
surrounding the thin-film (i.e. the optical waveguide and the surrounding medium in contact with the thin-film). In this case,
coupling occurs between light propagating through the waveguide and a surface plasmon, which is called surface plasmon polariton
or surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The second case occurs when the real part of the thin-film permittivity is positive and higher
in magnitude than both its own imaginary part and the material surrounding the thin-film. Some authors consider these modes as
long-range guided modes , whereas others call them lossy modes. The third case, occurs when the real part of the thin-film permittivity
is close to zero, while the imaginary part is large. This case is known as long-range surface exciton polariton.
During the last years, hundreds of publications have been devoted to the SPR, whereas the number of publications devoted
to lossy modes resonances (LMR) is quite low. In fact, all of them correspond to theoretical works. Moreover, in our knowledge,
the utilization of LMR for sensing purposes has been used very recently in our group for the first time. For the sake of truth,
some works using LMR had been previously published, but authors misunderstood these resonances with others, mainly with SPR.
Ignacio R. Matías is Professor at the Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department of the Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain.
His current research interests include fiber optic sensors and nanostructured materials. Currently, he is the Dean of the School of Engineering
and Sciences of the Public University of Navarra.
He has co-authored 4 books, 7 book chapters and 3 encyclopedia chapters. Taking into account only international publications, he has published
122 papers and has 140 communications in prestigious international conferences, 8 of them invited. He is founder-editor of 3 Research Journals
devoted to fiber optic sensors.
He has participated in 60 Research Projects, 25 of them funded by Industry and due to this activity he has 12 patents (5 in exploitation) 5
copyrights (4 in exploitation), 2 commercial fiber optic equipments and a software commercially available. He is also founder-partner of 4 spin-offs
companies still in progress.
Prof. Ignacio R. Matías has obtained several different awards and has organized several scientific academic events.
The use of Sensing Technology in Agrometeorology
Keynote Speaker: Professor Philip Sallis
Over the past three years the Geoinformatics Research Centre (GRC) at Auckland University of Technology has been working in the research domain known as
agrometeorology. As part of this work the GRC has designed and built a set of terrestrial WSN monitoring instruments. The real-time data logged by these
instruments is being analysed for trends in climate variation and for the anticipation of events in Nature that influence crop production yield and quality.
The instruments are located in some 30 sites across 7 countries.
This presentation describes the project and the international R&D collaboration that has grown from a single research question into a number of discrete
yet related data analysis, design and modelling projects, some of them with commercial outcomes.
Philip received his PhD degree in Information Science in 1979 from the Faculty of Engineering at The City University London.
Previously he studied mathematics and computer science at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Holding academic position in London, Sydney and Dunedin, in 1987 Philip was appointed Foundation Professor of Information Science at The
University of Otago. During this time building on the foundation topics of computer science, he built a new curriculum focusing on innovative
methods for data analysis and modelling, software engineering, geospatial information processing and knowledge based systems for automated
intelligent decision making.
In 1999 he moved to the newly formed Auckland University of Technology where until 2009 he was the Deputy Vice Chancellor.
In addition to his role as deputy for the Vice Chancellor he led the academic and research activity build for the new university and
created the AUT Technology Park, which is now the Business Innovation Centre and helped form AUT Enterprises Limited, the University's
commercialisation company. He is a Director and currently is the Chair of the Board of Directors for this company.
In 2009 Philip 'retired' from his role as Deputy Vice Chancellor and has returned to full-time research, combining his background in
mathematics, software engineering and geocomputation. . He now leads a small team of researchers in the Geoinformatics Research Centre
(GRC) at AUT and has an adjunct research professorship at the Catholic University of Maule in Chile, in a research laboratory associated
with the GRC at AUT. His international research collaboration extends through a real-time network of WSN agrometeorological instruments
in 7 countries to form a large terrestrial monitoring and modelling system that combines scientific research with end user information
needs for precision agronomic decision making.
Philip has been President of the New Zealand Computer Society and was Founding Chair of the NZ Chapter of the Association for Computing
Machinery (ACM). He is currently a member of the Royal Society of New Zealand, the IEEE (and Nth Branch Committee in NZ) and Hon Chair of
the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society (NZ Chapter). He is a Lifetime Member of the International Association of Mathematical
Geosciences and Associate Editor for the International Journal on Sensing and Intelligent Systems. He has served on and chaired numerous
Government commissions and industry boards and is a Member of the NZ Institute of Directors with experience as a board member for various
companies including his own professional consulting and software innovations company.
Philip is a regular keynote speaker and presenter at conferences with some 300 plus journal articles, books, conferences papers and
commissioned reports in his name.